The trauma of victimization is a significant reaction to the consequences of the crime which has happened. The victim suffers from the mental problems and it also leaves an everlasting impact on the financial, physical and emotional matters. The victim not only has to struggle with the primary injuries (emotional, financial, physical and mental) but also have to battle with the secondary injuries. These secondary injuries arise when there is a lack of family support. These injuries are often caused by the friends, relatives, and even the family members. Those individuals may lack the ability to provide the necessary comfort and assistance to the victim. Often, those individuals blame the victim for the crime. Failing to recognize the importance of the crime or to show sympathy can be damaging to the victim’s self-worth and recovery process. Some definitions that would clear the meaning of Criminal Victimization are:
Victim: A victim is a person who has been injured, harmed, killed or assaulted which is the result of some kind of action, crime, or any other event. The victim is the person who is tortured by any other person who has the intention of hurting the victim.
Victimization: It is the process of treating the person as the victim and then pushing them in such a state where they themselves start to believe that they are a victim.
Crime: Crime a social and moral wrong that is done by a person against another person or public infringing their rights. Example: Murder, Rape, Theft etc.
Criminal Victimization: Criminal Victimization is the State where the person is being treated as a criminal and thus becomes a victim. The person is treated unwell by everyone that makes him/her victim even in his own eyes.
Types of victimization
As the term speaks about itself Victimizations can be further classified into different heads. They are:
- Sexual Misconduct is a type of non-consensual which is committed by a person under force, fear, mental or physical incapacitation by the use of alcohol or some types of drugs. Sexual misconduct also varies differently as it also has levels of severity and is done in the range of behaviour that includes rape, sexual assault, sexual harassment, sexual exploitation etc.
- Rape(Section 376, IPC, 1860 is sexual intercourse between a man and a wife that is done forcefully and not with the wish of the lady.
- Sexual Touching is a conduct that includes the unwanted and unusual making of contact by a person to the other person at different parts of the body.
- Sexual Harassment (Section 271, IPC, 1860) is the act done by a person who creates an apprehension in any other person mind by his previous acts that include unusually touching, exploiting etc.
- Stalking (Section 354D, IPC, 1860) is following a person that creates apprehension in the mind of a person that the person following will do something bad to him or her.
- Domestic Violence is the ill-treatment any spouse or other.
Common Reactions to Victimization
There are three types of Reactions due to Criminal Victimization. They are:
- Physical Reaction
- Stress related illnesses, such as nausea, diarrhea, and hives
- Nightmares or trouble sleeping
- Changes to one’s appetite
- Lowered immunity
- Alcohol/Drug dependence
- Cognitive Reaction
- Decline in academics
- Inability to concentrate
- Memory loss of the event
- Flashbacks of the event
- Emotional Reactions
- Anger or rage
- Mood swings
- Emotional numbness
- Social withdrawal
- Feelings of helplessness
Recommended: 1. VIOLENCE Against Women
Suggestions (Tips for Coping)
There are some suggestions that need to be enlightened in society for public awareness.
- The person who is the victim must talk to a person who would full heartedly hear to his problems and would understand to what he talks about.
- Spend time with others that would help to decrease the level of your pain and will allow you to live with others comfortably.
- Take good care of your physical and mental health. Allow you to get some meditation, sleep well, eat well etc.
- Re-establish a regular routine for getting back to your normal lifestyle.
- Make daily life decisions yourself that will help you to get back your control over your life.
- Indulge yourself more in curricular activities or hobbies that you love to do that would help you to live a normal life.
Knowing our society we, the time has come to accept the reality that crime can happen to anyone to any person irrespective of the caste, creed, gender, age, race, religion or the class the person is coming from. ‘The problem of crime’ as many have pointed out, is a socially constructed problem that emphasizes the part of the fact that society is responsible for making the person victim. Illiteracy and poverty rates are the reason behind such criminal victimization. We need to understand the person’s life when they become a victim of a crime. We need to support them to believe or gain trust upon the society which comprises of family members, lawyers, friends, colleagues etc. They need a proper lifestyle that will help to regain their self-confidence and respect again in the society. Proper training and guidance should be given by professionals so that they could lead a normal life in a proper way.