PSYCHOLOGICAL VIOLENCE OR EMOTIONAL DAMAGE:
1) Humiliating and insulting comments.
2) Harassment at work place
3) Work environment deterioration.
4) Employment in jeopardy- undermine potentials through words, writing and gestures.
5) Isolation and restrictions on communication.
6) Use if children by the violent and intimate way to control women- attacking children, forcing to watch violence, forcefully taking away children and kidnapping.
7) An attack on dignity and integrity- Dalit, minority, tribal, LGBTQ, others.
8) Control and denial of rights and duties: resources, land and property, water, forest, produce, economy goods in the name of culture and traditional practices.
9) Control and denial of liberty, freedom of movement.
Violence against children and women are increasing day by day. The freedom to wear dresses or going for a haircut is denied. No choice to choose a life partner with whom we have to spend our entire life.
Violence against vulnerable group: sexual orientation, disabled persons, caste, ethnicity, class gender discrimination, religious minority, migrant workers are harassed and humiliated daily.
Contextual factors: humanitarian crisis, natural disasters, conflict and post-conflict situation, by reinforcing physical and cultural ethos.
Human trafficking: exploitation through means of force, fraud and deception.
The practice ensnares millions of women and children into modern day slavery, who are sexually exploited.
21 million people have forced labour are victims of sexual exploitation.
The people engaged in any disaster activity are also subject to violence and harassment.
People send their daughter to work in Delhi or Mumbai as an act of innocence they are unaware of the act of migration resulting to trafficking.
People rape the girls brought in the trafficking in the name of migration and the greed giver for the job or money.
Trafficking people are victims of sexual abused.
School-related violence and child marriages are increasingly in India. More than 1/3rd girls are married before 15 years of age. Poor girls are 2.5 times more raped and married in childhood days which are days of happiness. People are judged by their caste and religion.
Recommended read: DIVORCE UNDER HINDU AND MUSLIM PERSONAL LAWS
Elements that manifest violence:
It is a gender-based violence based on the pandemic proportions. Different roles, rights, resources, responsibilities, the justification for the dominance of one sex over the other, reinforces the notion of superiority of one sex over the other, low wages given in the same job.
Norms and rules governing attitude and behaviour of men and women differently. Representatives of certain cultural and traditional norms. There is a social construct in the ideology of gender and power hierarchy.
Distinguished school teaching and educational facilities provided to men and women. Debating takes place, recommendation comes, people want change but they don’t implement those recommendations because no one wants women to run ahead of men. Judgment given against women is also an inequality taking place in the judiciary. More oppression, discrimination, disadvantaged, segregation, disparities are leading to more violence against women.
The incidents taking place in the society are the reflection of masculinity inferiority.
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